Informe sobre el ecosistema mundial de las startups 2023


A project like the Global Startup Ecosystem Report can only be realized with an enormous effort from both the project team and external supporters. Several partners have invested significant resources into the project. Numerous advisors, founders, investors, and industry experts have given us access to their knowledge, networks, and time because they support our vision and want to move their ecosystem and the whole startup sector forward. Startup Genome and Global Entrepreneurship Network (GEN) would like to express our deep gratitude and appreciation to everyone who contributed towards making this project possible.

Startup Genome Authors

JF Gauthier, Chief Executive Officer
Marc Penzel, President
Stephan Keuster, Head of Ecosystem Strategy
Dr. Christopher Haley, Head of Research
Hazel Boydell, Editor-in-Chief
Forrest Wright, Research Assessment Lead
Pranav Arya, Director, Ecosystem Strategy

External Authors

Anthony Griffin
Carly Sheridan
Jessica Stillman
Julia Janicki

Expert Contributors

Adenike Adeyemi, Executive Director, FATE Foundation
Andrea Johnston, Assistant Deputy Minister, Innovation Canada, ISED
Arnobio Morelix, Co-Founder & CEO, Sirius College
Michal Michaeli, International Economic Development & Tel Aviv Tech Director, Tel Aviv Global & Tourism (R.A.)
Stina Lantz, CEO, SISP and Program Manager, Ignite Sweden
Constantijn van Oranje, Special Envoy,
Ruben Nieuwenhuis, Co-Founder, Cupola XS

Project Team

Startup Genome

JF Gauthier, Founder & CEO
Marc Penzel, Founder & President
Stephan Keuster, Head of Ecosystem Strategy
Tricia Naik, Chief Operating Officer
Dr. Christopher Haley, Head of Research
Hazel Boydell, Editor-in-Chief
Rahul Chatterjee, Director, Global Operations & MD, Delhi
Adam Bregu, Director of Business Development & Partnerships
Pranav Arya, Director, Ecosystem Strategy
Parshant Sharma, Data Science Lead
Sama Siddiqui, Member Relationship Lead
Forrest Wright, Research Assessment Lead
Ethan Webster, Manager, Ecosystem Research & Strategy
Lucia Stefanuto, Data Storytelling & Visualization Lead
Anna Brashear, Growth Marketing Manager
Marina Krizman, Senior Business Development Specialist
Utkarsh Jain, Consulting Manager
Aditya Thakkar, Consultant
Shreesh Dubey, Senior Operations Manager
Ananya Sharma, Operations Coordinator
Anshika Gandhi, Project Manager
Nimisha Mendiratta, Project Associate
Rahul Kumar, Data Scientist
Aman Bansal, Data Scientist
Naajid Sarosh, Data Engineer
Tanishq Malik, Senior Business Analyst
Parth Arora, Business Analyst
Janice Venable, PR & Marketing
Hana Javurkova, Events Coordinator
Anna Chadwell, Sales Representative
Pavan Kumar, Manager of Sales Operations & CRM Administrator
Shekhar Parihar, Process Lead, Lead Generation & CRM Support
Neha Thapliyal, Business Development Assistant
Carolina Vidal Botero, Sales Intern
Ana Lucia Osorio, Executive Assistant to the CEO
Parisaa Tripathi, Intern
Abigail Cox, Marketing Intern
Rajdeep Gupta, Data Science Intern
Gaurav Bhardwaj, Operations Intern
Litslink, Website Development
Sara Inglês, Designer
Vidur Sehgal, Designer
MyStartupCFO, Finance & Accounting

Global Entrepreneurship Network

Jonathan Ortmans, President
Mark Marich, Executive Vice President
Matt Smith, Director for Policy and Research
Cecilia Wessinger, Director for Global Community
Peter Komives, Vice President for Strategic Development
Susan Amat, Vice President for Education

Image Credits

This year’s cover and back cover show Melbourne. All images taken from Unsplash.

Key Author Bios

Startup Genome

JF Gauthier undefined 

Founder and CEO. JF is the world’s leading voice in innovation ecosystem development, having advised more than 100 governments and private-public partnerships across 35 countries. He has founded five businesses and led others across two continents and three sectors (tech, Life Sciences and Cleantech), achieving two exits plus one at scaleup stage. He is also an active angel investor and previously worked in corporate innovation, advising IBM, Cisco, Agilent/HP, J&J, and Abbott for the firm of Kim Clark (former dean of Harvard Business School) alongside Clayton Christensen and other thought leaders. Harvard MBA.

Marc Penzel undefined

Founder and President. Marc is leading global growth and impact. Prior to founding Startup Genome, he co-led the startup ecosystem development unit at Silicon Valley-based Startup Compass. At PwC, KPMG, and Bayer Group’s internal management consultancy, Marc advised top executives across various sectors. He also founded a nonprofit organization to catalyze social innovation and was appointed Expert in Entrepreneurship, IT and Future of Economic Progress by the World Economic Forum. In 2017, his work to develop startup ecosystems led him to receive a U.S. Visa for Individuals with Extraordinary Ability.

Stephan Kuester undefined

Head of Ecosystem Strategy. Stephan works with clients in government and private industry consortia all around the world, advising on the creation and the acceleration of tech and innovation clusters and related public and private policy. Prior to his role at Startup Genome, Stephan headed up the International Consulting practice at U.K. ecosystem agency Tech Nation (formerly Tech City UK) in London and served as Managing Director of Digital Switzerland. Previous to his work in the digital ecosystems space, Stephan worked as an Executive Director for professional services firms Arthur Andersen and Ernst & Young. Stephan holds an MSc in Economics and studied at the University of Bonn, Germany and the London School of Economics (LSE).

Hazel Boydell undefined
Editor-in-Chief. Hazel leads the production of the Global Startup Ecosystem Report and other
publications. An experienced editor and copywriter, she studied journalism and English before completing Columbia University’s publishing course. After working in independent trade book publishing for many years, she moved into the world of entrepreneurship as Startup Guide’s Editor-in-Chief before joining Startup Genome.

Global Entrepreneurship Network (GEN)

Jonathan Ortmans undefined

Founder and president of the Global Entrepreneurship Network, working to foster healthier local entrepreneurship ecosystems in more than 170 countries while connecting them into one global ecosystem. In 2008, he launched GEN’s cornerstone initiative, Global Entrepreneurship Week, enabling millions of people to explore their potential through thousands of local GEW activities and competitions each November. Through building GEW, Ortmans assembled a broad multi-disciplinary coalition that is the backbone of GEN operations, including entrepreneurs, investors, policymakers, researchers and affiliated support organizations. He serves as a longtime advisor to the Kauffman Foundation and chairs the Global Entrepreneurship Congress.

Partners & Collaborators

Global Partners

TNW is a global digital brand that informs, inspires, and connects people who love tech, through media, events, and spaces. Primarily known for its media outlet and award-winning tech events, TNW also incorporates a coworking label, a global startup database, and delivers custom innovation programs to corporates and governments.

Bella Private Markets
Bella Private Markets provides actionable advice on private capital challenges. Combining rigorous academic approaches with real world industry expertise, its expert team focuses on complex, customized projects that require thorough analysis, whether quantitative or qualitative in nature, to help its clients assess or design strategies, improve performance, and chart-winning strategies for the future.

Everyday investors, journalists, founders, and the global business community turn to Crunchbase for information on startups and the people behind them.
The foremost data provider on startups, growth companies, and tech ecosystems globally. works with many of the world’s most prominent investors, entrepreneurs and government organizations to provide transparency, analysis and insights on startups and venture capital activity.

Startup Genome Network


Startup Genome provides its members with innovation policy advice and exclusive research. Members also gain access to a global network of policymakers, government representatives, and other leaders to further support and accelerate the growth of innovation ecosystems.

Abu Dhabi


The World Bank Group, IFC
Bantu Makers
Founder Institute Luanda


Karnataka Innovation & Technology Society (KITS)Karnataka Digital Economy Mission (KDEM)

Belgrade and Novi Sad
The Ministry of Science, Technological Development and Innovation of the Republic of Serbia
Digital Serbia Initiative

Biscay Startup Bay
Diputación Foral de Bizkaia

Northeastern University

Express Innovation Agency

Information Technology Industry Development Agency (ITIDA)

Platform Calgary
Calgary Innovation Coalition
Calgary Economic Development

Canada's Ocean Supercluster

Agencia Córdoba Innovar y Emprender

Endeavor Detroit
William Davidson Foundation

Qatar Development Bank

Edmonton Unlimited

Startup Estonia

StartHub Hessen
FrankfurtRheinMain GmbH
Frankfurt Economic Development GmbH

Fukuoka City
JETRO, Fukuoka

Helsinki Metropolitan Area
City of Espoo
City of Helsinki
City of Vantaa

Indiana Economic Development Corporation

Israel Innovation Authority

Istanbul Development Agency

Kerala Startup Mission

Kuala Lumpur

Kyoto Startup Ecosystem Promotion Council

Ministry of the Economy, Luxembourg

Department of Trade and Industry, Manila


Metro Rhein-Ruhr
North-Rhine Westphalia State Government

Mid-East Region, Ireland
Meath Enterprise

Mississippi Development Authority

Startup Montréal
Montréal International
Ville de Montréal
Ministère de l’Économie, de l'Innovation et de l'Énergie

Muscat, Oman
Authority for SME Development, Oman

New York City
New York City Economic Development Corporation

New Zealand
Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE)
Angel Association New Zealand
GEN New Zealand

Osaka Business Development Agency

Ben Franklin Technology Partners of Southeastern Pennsylvania
Drexel University
University City Science Center

Pittsburgh Regional Alliance
InnovatePGH Partnership
Innovation Works

Startup Portugal

Québec City
Québec International

Rotterdam Partners

Startup Work Sapporo
City of Sapporo

Seoul Business Agency

Sharjah Entrepreneurship Center

Enterprise Singapore

EIT InnoEnergy

Sri Lanka
Information and Communication Technology Agency of Sri Lanka


Investment NSW

Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv Global

T-Hub Foundation

Tokyo Metropolitan Government
Deloitte Japan

Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations (CDC)
Smart Capital

Intesa Sanpaolo Innovation Center
Fondazione Compagnia di San Paolo

Engine Foundation

La Trobe University

Austrian Research Promotion Agency

Western Balkans Countries
German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ)